P-83 "Wanad"
P-83 "Wanad" having official designation "9mm Pistol Model 83" (9mm pistolet wz. 83), is a Polish semiautomatic pistol approved for service in 1984 by Polish Armed Forces and Citizen's Militia to replace P-64 CZAK pistol. P-83 design was based on a prototype P-78B pistol designed by Ryszard Chełmicki and Marian Gryszkiewicz in Center for Research and Development by "Łucznik" Metalworks (Ośrodek Badań Rozwojowych Zakładów Metalowych "Łucznik"). The two different designs of a new pistol were competing for selection; P-78B and P-78A "TUL" designed by Z. Zborowski, A. Kowalczyk, H. Adamczyk and R. Szydłowski from Military Intitute of Weapon's Technology (Wojskowy Instytut Techniczny Uzbrojenia). P-78B had manual safety and single column magazine for 8 rounds. P-78A "TUL" had automatic firing pin blokade, double column single feed magazine for 12 rounds, and did not have manual safety. P-78B won contest for a new service pistol.
P-83 design
P-83 is a blowback operated handgun which fires from closed bolt. Recoil spring is mounted around the barrel. Slide stop catch is located on the left side of the frame in front of the grip panel. External extractor is mounted on a right side of the slide. Ejector is located on the frame. The pistol is chambered to fire Soviet 9x18mm 57-N-181S cartridge (also known as 9x18mm Makarov) and is fed from a single column 8 round magazine being located in the pistol grip clad with plastic panels. On left and right side of a magazine there are located vertical inspection windows. Magazine latch is located under pistol grip and locks against the bottom of the magazine. P-83 has the frame and the slide manufactured by stamped steel method. Pistol sports double action trigger mechanism with exposed hammer and firing pin with spring. External trigger bar is located on a right side of the frame. Manual safety lever which doubles as decocker is located on the left side of the slide. Pistol with lever in down position is ready to fire. Lever in upper position decocks hammer, locks triger, trigger bar, firing pin, and also elevates rear end of firing pin to prevent contact with the hammer. Slide mounted fixed open sights are set at 25 meters.
P-83M
P-83M is a modified version of P-83 . Prototype of this gun was designed in 1986. Pistol fires 9x18mm 57-N-181S cartridge and is fed from double column single feed magazine for 12 rounds. Magazine latch is located on the bottom of the grip behind magazine well. On a left side of the frame there is a slide stop catch, and on a rear side of the grip there is mounted a grip safety which locks the firing pin. P-83M project was terminated in early 90ties, and pistol never entered mass production because in 90ties (after fall the Soviet Union) Polish military wasn't anymore in need of the pistol utilizing the Soviet 9x18mm cartridge.
P-93
P-93 is a modified P-83 version designed in early 90-ties. Pistol fires 9x18mm 57-N-181S mm and is fed from single column magazine for 8 rounds. Magazine latch is located on a bottom of the grip behind magazine well. Gun has automatic firing pin blockade, modified hammer, and does not have manual safety. On a left side of the slide there is located a slide stop catch. On the top of the slide there are mounted modified open sights with tritum inserts. P-93 never entered mass production because in the 90ties, the Polish military wasn't anymore in need of a pistol utilizing the Soviet 9x18mm cartridge. Only one test series of P-93 was produced.
P-83C
P-83C is a semiautomatic sport pistol based on P-83. Gun was designed in a year 2000. Pistol fires 9x18mm 57-N-181S cartridge and is fed from single column magazine for 8 rounds. Magazine latch is located on the bottom of the grip behind magazine well. On a left side of the slide there is mounted safety lever which doubles as decocker. On a left side of the frame there is located slide stop catch. Gun has a longer barrel with a ballast on the muzzle end of the barrel. Front sight is mounted to the ballast. Pistol has modified double action trigger mechanism with lightened trigger pull. P-83 exists in two versions. First version has fixed rear sight, hammer from standard P-83, and standard trigger guard. Second version has adjustable rear sight, modified hammer and modified trigger guard. Pistol was never entered in mass production.
P-83 summary
P-83 is heavier but more reliable, more accurate, more ergonomical, and less expensive to manufacture than P-64 pistol. Despite its higher magazine capacity, lighter trigger pull in double action mode, P-83 is of lower quality of manufacture than its precursor. Recently the WIST-94 pistol replaced P-83 in Polish Armed Forces and Walther P99 was adopted by Polish Police, but P-83 still remains widely used as a service weapon.
PT-83
PT-83 Pistol Suppressor 83, (Pistolet Tłumik 83) is a suppressed pistol designed in the 80-ties. Pistol is a non-automatic weapon with a vertical lug. During trigger pull, the lug moves to upper position and locks the slide. After shot is fired, the shooter must move slide to its rearmost position, after which the spring around a barrel automatically moves slide forward. On a left side of the frame there is mounted a slide catch lever, but the pistol does not have safety lever doubling as decocker. Pistol has integral suppressor and shortened perforated barrel. Open sights are mounted on a top of the surpressor. Pistol fires standard 9x18mm 57-N-181S cartridge. Bullet from this cartridge can not break the speed of sound barrier. Gun is fed from single column magazine for 8 rounds. Magazine latch is located on bottom of the grip behind magazine well. Weapon never entered production. Only 10 pistols were ever produced.
PT-83 pistol. Photo courtesy of Królik from Strzelecka.net forum
P-83G
P-83G is a gas pistol designed in 90-ties. Pistol fires 9mm PA cartridge and is fed from single column magazine for 8 rounds. Magazine latch is located on a bottom of the grip behind magazine well. On a left side of the slide there is located safey lever which doubles as decocker. On a left side of the frame there is mounted slide stop catch. Gun has frame and slide manufactured from stamped steel (most gas pistols have frame and slide made from ZnAl alloy). On the muzzle there can be mounted a device for firing signal rockets. Pistol was entered in mass production.
cartridge
9x18mm 57-N-181S
muzzle velocity
318m/s
muzzle energy
303J
barrel lenght
92mm
lenght
168mm
sight line lenght
120mm
weight
690g without magazine

810g with full load 8 rounds
magazine
trigger pull
17N single action

50N double action
magazine
8 rounds single column
magazine
operation
blowback operation
Frame of Polish P-83 semiautomatic pistol. (Courtesy of 061)
P-83 frame. (Courtesy of 061)